Translating Police Research into Practice
In one of the first Ideas in American Policing lectures, Lawrence Sherman argued that "...police practices should be based on scientific evidence about what works best" (1998, 2). That is, if the police want to reduce and prevent crime, they have to rely on tactics that are supported by information, analysis, and evidence showing effectiveness. Eleven years later, the idea of evidence-based policing, while seemingly logical and beneficial, has yet to diffuse widely into law enforcement. In her Ideas monograph, Cynthia Lum explores the reasons for the lag in the adoption of evidence-based policing, and introduces a tool, the Evidence-Based Policing Matrix (Lum, Koper and Telep 2009), which may better facilitate translating research into practice. In order for police agencies to move towards evidence-based policing, the underlying research and practice infrastructure that has already been built for such efforts must be capitalized upon and a concerted effort is required between police practitioners, evaluation researchers, and funding agencies.
Evidence-Based Policing - APPLICATION